A number of medicines are used to help treat congestion. These include antihistamines, decongestants, and anti-inflammatories. Which medicine to choose depends on the underlying cause of the congestion.
An antihistamine helps reduce the body’s response to allergens. When a child is allergic to something — carpeting, cats, cig¬arette smoke, and so on — the body releases chemicals called histamines upon exposure to the allergen. Histamines produce a classic allergic response: sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. Antihistamines blunt this response so that even with exposure, the histamine effect is reduced. Remember, though, that remov¬ing the irritant is the best treatment.
Testicular torsion literally means “twisted testicle.” Inside the scrotum, each testicle is wrapped in a sack called the tunica vaginalis and hangs from a stringlike structure called the spermatic cord. The spermatic cord is a conduit that contains the nerves and blood vessels supplying the testicles. Each testicle is affixed to its tunica vaginalis, anchoring it within the scrotal sac. If the point of attachment is in the wrong place, the testicle can rotate, twisting the spermatic cord and its contents. When this happens, blood can no longer move easily up and down the spermatic cord. Poor blood flow leads to redness, swelling, and loss of oxygen at the testicle, all of which can be extremely painful. With enough loss of blood flow, the starved testicle can become permanently nonfunctional.
Testicular torsion is very rare. Most cases are seen in adolescents and adults. However, it can occur in young boys. Symptoms of torsion include pain, swelling or redness of the scrotum, and vomiting. Regardless of age, it causes excruciating pain.
What can I do?
Anytime testicular torsion is suspected, you should call or visit your doctor immediately. There is nothing for you to try at home.
The best way to prevent otitis externa is to keep the ear canal dry. After a bath or shower, gently wipe the ear with a towel. Frequent swimmers should use a drying agent — such as hydrogen peroxide or rubbing alcohol — after swimming. Earplugs worn during swimming do not seem to reduce the risk of otitis externa.
If your child has otitis externa, some data suggest that acetic acid (vinegar) drops help reduce bacteria in the canal. The recommended regimen is five drops of acetic acid given three times a day for one week. This may be a reasonable thing to try, but if the symptoms get worse, or if your child does not improve with the drops, you should contact your doctor.
There are also many swimmer’s ear drops sold over the counter.
When does my doctor need to be involved?
Call your doctor if the ear appears red or if liquid is draining from the canal. If your child is in significant pain anytime the ear is touched, let your doctor know.
What to do depends on where you are at in the course of the illness. The main thing you want to do is prevent your child from becoming dehydrated.
For vomiting : If your child has just begun with vomiting, the best first step is to stop giving him all solids and most liquids. Your child will probably refuse to eat anyhow, so the solids part is easy. But after a few bouts of vomiting, he is likely to become fairly thirsty. Try to wait 45 minutes to an hour after the last episode of vomiting to give him something to drink.
Then start with clear liquids and small sips. If you offer your child eight ounces in a cup, he may drink it all (or a significant portion of it), and almost certainly it will come right back up. So start by offering little bits – on a spoon, in a medicine dropper, in the form of a soaked washcloth or a Popsicle. The goal is to get a teaspoon or so of liquid into your child every few minutes.
A fairly new blood test called PSA has been given a lot of publicity as a method of early diagnosis of prostate cancer. There is more to it than that, and understanding this test and its significance is important.
When a doctor does a PSA test, he wants to know how much PSA there is. Think of the PSA in the blood as if it is ‘leaking’ out of the prostate More PSA will come from a large prostate than a small one, so as you get older the amount of PSA can increase as the prostate enlarges.
Some diseases of die prostate cancer make it more ‘leaky’ and in this case the amount of PSA is even higher. This happens with cancer of the prostate and is the reason why the test can be used to look for cancer. Other diseases of the prostate also make it more leaky, for example, the PSA may be high when the prostate is infected. It also goes up after a prostate operation, or even simply following a cystoscopy examination or having a catheter passed.
This is another vague symptoms, but this could indicate cancer. Obviously, it can be caused by other health problems. As fever, fatigue may occur after the cancer has spread. But according to the American Cancer Society, may occur in the early stages, as is the case of leukemia or cancers of the colon or stomach.
2. Persistent Cough
Coughing is a common symptom when you are dealing with colds, flu or allergies. Sometimes it can be a side effect of medication. But a prolonged cough that last longer than three to four weeks, should not be ignored. It may be a sign of cancer or may indicate another health problem such as bronchitis.
Why are visible signs of aging—fine lines, wrinkles, sagging, roughness and scaling, and overall discoloration—apparent in someone thirty years old and virtually absent in someone fifty-five years old? You may think that the fifty-five-year-old with the youthful, vibrant skin has great genetics and stays out of the sun, which would be the easy answer. But recent advances in the science of aging skin reveal that the exclusivity of wrinkles to genetics and sun may be a bit simplistic. That’s not to say that genetics and sun exposure don’t matter—they absolutely do. However, other factors are also at play. Scientific advances show that diet and lifestyle exert significant control over genes. The foods we eat, the beverages we drink, and the stressors we experience can all combine to influence what is called genetic expression.
Environmental factors affecting genetic expression include diet, stress, history of trauma, mental health, and toxic exposures. These factors all interact with genes as we proceed through life. Countless examples in medical literature show how environmental factors influence genetic expression. Twin studies routinely show that, despite genetic predisposition, one twin will often not experience a disease or chronic medical condition, while the other will succumb to it. The influence of lifestyle, diet, stress, and environmental toxins has been documented in all aspects of medicine— from mental health disorders to gastrointestinal disease—and, of course, in dermatological conditions.
What you eat really matters and has great importance for you and your body! It is clear that junk food is the cause behind serious illnesses such as cancer, but many people simply do not pay enough attention to what they eat on a regular basis. Let’s open our eyes and to protect our body ! One of the most important reasons why you should do this is because with the aid of healthy foods you can obtain some amazing results and fight against various diseases, including cancer.
Here are the most powerful anti-cancer foods that you are recommended to consume as often as possible if you want to lower the chances of being affected by this terrible disease:
1. Green Tea
Choose Japanese green tea (eg sencha, matcha), scald it for 10 minutes and do not keep it for more than 2-3 hours.
One of the most important things for an expectant mother to do is to open up her heart-uterus connection.
When a woman becomes pregnant, a channel or line of communication opens up between her ‘heart’ and that of her baby. The ‘heart’ in Chinese terms is the abode of the spirit, and is more akin to the heart centre (chakra) where we feel love and process the truth about life, as we perceive it, than to the organ that pumps blood round our bodies. The mother therefore has a way of knowing what her baby is doing and the baby understands the truth of what is in its mother’s heart.
Obesity leads to many physical and mental problems to the overweight. The person feel left out from this thin and slim world that can even lead him to depression. If you are an obese and are unable to lose few pounds by sweating at gym or with healthy diet, weight loss surgery can be the best option for you. also termed as Bariatric surgery, weight loss surgery is a life saver for many who have given up their hopes of losing eight and getting to a normal shape and size. The crowd of the west, especially women, is mad over skinny figure and weight loss surgery seems to be an easy and attractive idea for them to achieve what they want.
Trevor, a mechanic who worked in his father’s machine shop, was happily married but childless. He began acting quite strangely shortly after his brother had a son. He started to stay up late at night, working alone in his garage. He told his wife, Eunice, that he had invented a motor that could run on propane only, and he thought Ford would buy his invention. He became more and more talkative, with monologues far into the night that Eunice found exhausting. If she protested, he became irate, saying she didn’t appreciate him. Then he withdrew all their savings from the bank, for a reason he refused to explain. Uncharacteristically, he berated Eunice for interfering in his life. He was physically much bigger, towering over her and shaking his fist at her.
Eunice called her father-in-law, who talked quietly to Trevor. Trevor then broke into tears, rocking back and forth and lamenting what a failure he was.
Trevor’s father told Eunice that Trevor’s aunt had suffered from bipolar I, also known as manic-depressive illness. They took Trevor to the local hospital and he agreed to be admitted. After he had calmed down, he said he had felt great, as if his ideas were brilliant. He needed little sleep and his thoughts raced. He said that he had never felt so wonderful in his life, but that he also felt he was on a roller coaster that he couldn’t get off.
It is important to ease the pain of a sore throat, especially if your child is refusing to eat or drink. When the cause is a viral or bac¬terial infection, there are a number of things you can do to help make your child more comfortable.
First, encourage liquids and don’t worry about solids. If your child doesn’t want to eat for a day or two, that’s okay. But if he doesn’t want to drink, he runs the risk of becoming dehydrated. Cool drinks tend to go down better than warm ones. Popsicles can be a good way to get some fluids into your child.
Occasionally, an anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) will help minimize the inflammation and pain. If your child has a fever at the same time, the ibuprofen will treat that as well.
For a severe sore throat, “magic mouthwash” can help tremendously. This mixture of Children’s Benadryl Allergy Liquid and Maalox coats the back of the throat and reduces inflammation.
Stomach flu is a general phrase describing vomiting and/or diarrhea. It is a catchy term that has stuck over the years. The more correct medical name is gastroenteritis. The phrase “stomach flu” is a misnomer because this illness is not caused by or in any way related to the infection influenza.
Most types of stomach flu are extremely contagious, so siblings and parents are likely to get sick as well. The typical incubation period is 48 to 72 hours. Infants tend to have more diarrhea and less vomiting; adults sometimes report only nausea, but it is so intense that they can lose their appetite for days.
The stomach flu usually begins with vomiting that lasts any¬where from 12 to 24 hours. This can vary widely, ranging from sporadic vomiting every couple of hours to intense repeated vomiting. Eventually, the contents of the stomach may be emptied, and your child will begin dry heaving, with nothing coming up.
Diarrhea typically follows vomiting by about a day or so, but the two can occur simultaneously, and in some cases the diarrhea even precedes the vomiting. Diarrhea means watery and frequent stools. The stools are not just soft; they are liquid. The diarrhea seen with most forms of stomach flu is voluminous, watery, foul-smelling, and associated with crampy abdominal pain. It will gen¬erally last anywhere from three to seven days, but it can persist for up to two weeks before the stools normalize completely.
Water is the single largest component of the human body, accounting for most of its weight. We lose water through sweat, tears, saliva, urine, stool, and even a little with breathing. We replenish it with food and drink. A dehydrated child has too little fluid. She may be taking too little in (by refusing to drink or eat) or putting too much out (with vomiting or diarrhea) or both. How do you know when your child is getting dehydrated? The answer is that everything gets dry: your child will not make as much urine as usual, and when the does urinate, it will look darker than normal; she will have fewer tears; the inside of her mouth might be dry; and her tongue will be rough like sandpaper. The most common cause of dehydration in toddlers is stomach flu. The medical term for this condition is gastroenteritis. A child with gastroenteritis loses fluid when she vomits and has diarrhea. There can be trouble replenishing this fluid because of her refusal to drink or inability to keep liquids down. It is rela¬tively easy to get dehydrated this way.
Other causes of vomiting or diarrhea can also lead to dehydration. These include intestinal obstruction (from a hernia, for example), food allergy, infection, and bowel inflammation (for instance, celiac disease). With any of these, fluid loss can outpace replenishment, and your child can become dehydrated.
What is happening inside my child’s body? An allergy can do many things in the body. On the skin, it can cause a rash or hives. In the intestine, it can manifest as diarrhea. And in the nose and sinuses, it can result in classic bay fever, with watery eyes and a drippy nose.
Allergies are caused by an immune response to some irritant, such as pollen, food, perfume, animal dander, dust mites, or mold. When your child is exposed to the irritant, his body releases a chemical called histamine from special cells called mast cells. Histamines, along with other components of mast cells, cause tissues to become swollen and irritated and to release fluid. Mast cells are most numerous in the skin, mouth, nose, lungs, and intestinal tract, and histamine release in these parts of the body causes the wateriness associated with allergies.
What are the treatments?
The most common treatment for allergies is an antihistamine. This medicine blocks the histamines that are released from mast cells, aborting their ability to wreak havoc in the nose, eyes, lungs, and so on.
A computed tomography scan — also called a CAT scan or CT scan — is performed by a 3-D X-ray machine. A computer integrates multiple images to make a cross-sectional picture, showing “slices” of the body. It uses the same basic technology as an X-ray machine.
CT can be used anytime a detailed picture of the body is required. The most common use of CT in the toddler population is head CT to look at the brain, especially after a child has fallen and hit her head. Abdominal CT is also quite common to visualize organs such as the appendix, liver, and spleen when certain illnesses are suspected.
The scanner is shaped like a giant, narrow doughnut (it is not elongated like an MRI scanner) with multiple small X-ray cameras. The patient lies on a narrow table that slides into and out of the “doughnut.” This machine is not claustrophobic because it is not an enclosed space. Rather, only the part of the patient’s body being imaged is “inside” the machine.
Depression, tension and stress are common contributors to sleep problems, causing early waking or difficulty dropping off when thoughts race around the brain. If stress is making you or your relative sleep badly, don’t rush for medication; instead, try practising the relaxation techniques. Be aware that older people naturally take longer to fall asleep, are more likely to wake during the night and tend to wake earlier in the morning. However, if sleep disturbance continues or if early waking is a problem do encourage your relative to discuss this with their doctor as these symptoms are a sign of depression which can be treated.
If you think your child is having a generalized seizure and this is the first time, call Medical Emergency Hotline. Make sure your child is in a safe place (such as on the floor) and watch her carefully. If your child has |had multiple seizures, you will quickly learn how to manage them and how to determine when to call a doctor.
Do not attempt to put anything into the mouth of a child who is having a seizure. Although it may look as if your child could bite her tongue while seizing, putting an object in the mouth to prevent this can lead to other complications.
Vomiting can occur during a seizure. When this happens, there is a risk of choking on the vomit. If your child vomits during a seizure, turn her head gently to one side to help reduce the chances of her swallowing or inhaling the vomit. Remember, do not put anything in her mouth during the seizure.
A child who is holding a sharp or blunt object (such as scissors or a pen) can hurt herself involuntarily during a seizure. The best way to avoid this is to remove anything your child is holding in her hands when she begins to seize.
A child can fall during a seizure or can roll off a high surface such as a couch or bed. If you think your child is having a seizure, try to move her to a safe place such as the floor.